Trabzon has sheltered numerous civilisations and has rich cultural, artistic and sporting offerings. A trade and transport centre, the city has preserved its unique position as the centre of the vicinity throughout history. Located on the historical Silk Road, Trabzon is a natural beauty ornamented with unique charms, an open-air museum where throughout the centuries several civilisations left a lot behind.

Trabzon is a city boasting a perfect harmony of greenness and blueness; with its high plateaus by the coast of the Black Sea, it will buckle you with its hospitable people whose hearts are filled with human love, friendship and fraternity. Port of Trabzon was initially built by Pontus at the site of Moloz, however was rebuilt at the site of the existing Custom Office, by carving out the rocks between 117-119BC. In the Ottoman period, a port and berth construction project was initiated by Regional Commander Hasan Pasha at the site of the old berth, with construction completed in 1903 by Governor Mazhar Pasha. During this period, the port was the five most important in the Ottoman Empire.

Construction of the new port started in 1946 and was completed in 1954. The port was under state ownership until November 2013, then privatised. Because of its Silk Road location, Trabzon became a melting pot of religions, languages and cultures for centuries, and a trade gateway to Iran in the East, Russia and Caucasus to the North. Venetians and Genoese visited Trabzon, selling silk, linen and woollen fabric. During the Ottoman period the city became a focal point for trade to Iran, India, Russia and Caucasus thanks to the importance of its port.

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